Labour Law Practice Exam

Labour Law

The main job of a labour law analyst is to govern wages, remuneration, working conditions, labour unions, and industrial relations. They are responsible for designing and conducting labour market research. Moreover, they also report the labour market conditions and forecasts within the specified market sectors. Further, they participate in intellectual development and continuous improvement of labour market and contribute actively to the research priorities of the firms.


Who should take this exam?

Anyone with a bachelor’s or a master’s degree in law and specialisation in labour law can take this exam to boost their CV and career opportunities.


Skills Required

Communication skills

Interpersonal skills

Critical thinking

Problem-solving and decision-making

Knowledge of case laws


Career Prospects

Prospective lawyer

Legal officer

Labour Welfare officer

Discrimination advisor

Union Consultant


Table of Content

1. Factories act, 1948

1.1. Learning Important definitions

1.2. Learning Statutory agencies and their powers for enforcement of the act

1.3. Learning Approval, licensing, and registration of factories

1.4. Notice by occupier

1.5. Learning General duties of the occupier

1.6. Learning General duties of manufacturers etc.

1.7. Measures to be taken by factories for health, safety and welfare of workers

1.8. Learning Special provisions relating to hazardous processes

1.9. Working hours of adults

1.10. Additional provisions regulating employment of women in a factory

1.11. Learning Employment of young persons and children

1.12. Learning Annual leave with wages

1.13. Learning Penalties and procedures

2. Minimum wages act, 1948

2.1. Learning Fixation of minimum rates of wages [section 3(1)(a)]

2.2. Learning Revision of minimum wages

2.3. The advisory board

2.4. Payment of minimum wages is obligatory on employer

2.5. Learning Fixing hours for a normal working day

2.6. Payment of overtime

2.7. Learning Wages – less working hours

2.8. Maintenance of registers and records (section 18)

2.9. Authority and claims (section 20-21)

2.10. Learning Offences and penalties

3. Payment of wages act, 1936

4. Equal remuneration act, 1976

4.1. Learning Act to have overriding effect

4.2. Authorities for hearing and deciding claims and complaints

4.3. Learning Maintenance of registers

5. Employees’ state insurance act, 1948

5.1. Important definitions

5.2. Learning Employees’ state insurance scheme

5.3. Employees’ state insurance corporation

5.4. Learning Wings of the corporation

5.5. Learning Employees’ state insurance fund

5.6. Learning Employees’ insurance court (e.i. court)

6. Employees’ provident funds and miscellaneous provisions act, 1952

6.1. Learning Application of the act

6.2. Important definitions

6.3. Learning Schemes under the act

6.4. Determination of moneys due from employers

6.5. Learning Employer not to reduce wages

6.6. Transfer of accounts

6.7. Learning Protection against attachment

7. Payment of bonus act, 1965

7.1. Object and scope of the act

7.2. Learning Application of the act

7.3. Learning Act not to apply to certain classes of employees

7.4. Calculation of amount payable as bonus

7.5. Learning Eligibility for bonus and its payment

7.6. Bonus linked with production or productivity

7.7. Penalties

7.8. Learning Compliances under the act

8. Payment of gratuity act, 1972

8.1. Learning Application of the act

8.2. Who is an employee?

8.3. Other important definitions

8.4. When is gratuity payable?

8.5. To whom is gratuity payable?

8.6. Learning The controlling authority and the appellate authority

8.7. Learning Rights and obligations of employees

8.8. Learning Rights and obligations of the employer

9. Employees’ compensation act, 1923

9.1. Object and scope

9.2. Learning Definitions

9.3. Learning Disablement

9.4. Employer’s liability for compensation

9.5. Employer’s liability when contractor is engaged

9.6. Learning Compensation

9.7. Obligations and responsibility of an employer

9.8. Learning Notice and claim

9.9. Learning Medical examination

9.10. Learning Procedure in the proceedings before the commissioner

9.11. Appeals

9.12. Learning Penalties

9.13. Learning Special provisions relating to masters and seamen

9.14. Learning Special provisions relating to captains and other members of crew of aircrafts

9.15. Special provisions relating to employees aboard of companies and motor vehicles

10. Contract labour (regulation and abolition) act, 1970

10.1. Learning Important definitions

10.2. Learning The advisory boards

10.3. Registration of establishments employing contract labour

10.4. Learning Effect of non-registration

10.5. Learning Appointment of licensing officer and licensing of contractors

10.6. Welfare and health of contract labour

10.7. Learning Rules framed under the act by the central government on the question of wages

10.8. Learning Penalties and procedure

10.9. Inspectors

10.10. Maintenance of records & registers

11. Maternity benefit act, 1961

11.1. Introduction

11.2. Learning Right to payment of maternity benefits

11.3. Notice of claim for maternity benefit

11.4. Learning The penalty for contravention of act by an employer

12. The child labour (prohibition and regulation) act, 1986

12.1. Learning Prohibition of employment of children in certain occupations and processes

13. The industrial employment (standing orders) act, 1946

13.1. Learning Important definitions

13.2. Learning Certification of draft standing orders

13.4. Duration and modification of standing orders

13.5. Learning Payment of subsistence allowance

13.6. Temporary application of model standing orders

14. Industrial disputes act, 1947

14.1. Introduction

14.2. Learning Object and significance of the act

14.3. Important definitions

14.4. Learning Types of strike and their legality

14.5. Dismissal etc. Of an individual workman to be deemed to be an industrial dispute

14.6. Learning Authorities under the act and their duties

14.7. Learning Reference of disputes

14.8. Voluntary reference of disputes to arbitration

14.9. Learning Strikes and lock-outs

14.10. Justified and unjustified strikes

14.11. Learning Wages for strike period

14.12. Learning Dismissal of workmen and illegal strike

14.13. Change in conditions of service

14.14. Penalties

15. The trade union act, 1926

15.1. Mode of registration

15.2. Learning Provisions contained in the rules of a trade union

15.3. Certificate of registration

15.4. Cancellation of registration

16. The labour laws (exemption from furnishing returns and maintaining register by certain establishments) act, 1988

16.1. Exemption from returns and registers required under certain labour laws

17. Employment exchanges (compulsory notification of vacancies) act, 1959

17.1. Definitions

17.2. Act not to apply in relation to certain vacancies

17.3. Employers to furnish information and returns in a prescribed form

18. Apprentices act, 1961

18.1. Definitions

18.2. Obligations of employers

18.3. Learning Payment to apprentices

18.4. Learning Authorities under the act

18.5. Offences and penalties

18.6. Offences by companies

19. Audit under labour legislations

19.1. Introduction

19.2.  Learning Methodology of conduct of labour audit

19.3. Learning Benefits of labour audit


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