Certified Trust and Financial Advisor (CTFA) Practice Exam
Certified Trust and Financial Advisor (CTFA) Practice Exam
About Certified Trust and Financial Advisor (CTFA) Practice Exam
Certified Trust and Financial Advisor (CTFA) is a professional designation offered by the American Bankers Association (ABA), which provides training and knowledge in taxes, investments, financial planning, trusts, and estates. The CTFA credential is appropriate for professionals who have a career in banking, broking, financial planning, taxation or trust administration.
Exam Pre-requisites for Certified Trust and Financial Advisor (CTFA)
To receive the Certified Trust and Financial Advisor designation, candidates must have a minimum level of wealth management work experience and approved training programs. Applicants are also required to pass an examination successfully. Continuing education is needed to maintain the CTFA designation.
Applicants must have three years of experience in wealth management and meet one of the following training options:
- Hold foundation, intermediate and advanced ABA Trust Certificates. These can be earned online at an ABA Trust School, at an ABA-led in-bank Trust School or a combination of both. If applicants complete all three certificates online, the ABA’s CTFA Exam Online Prep course is also required.
- Completed Cannon Financial Institutes Trust School’s Level I, Level II and Level III courses.
- Completed Campbell University’s Trust and Investment Management Degree.
- Five years of wealth management experience and hold a bachelor’s degree.
- 10 or more years of wealth management experience.
- The ABA defines professional wealth management experience as providing client advice relating to trusts, estates, IRAs, qualified retirement plans, custody, and individual asset management accounts. Providing specialty services in administration, investment management, tax, legal, finance, and estate planning is also considered professional wealth management experience by the ABA.
In addition to satisfying these requirements, applicants are required to sign the ABA Professional Certifications’ Code of Ethics statement.
Exam Details for Certified Trust and Financial Advisor Exam
- Exam Price - $725
- Retakes Exam cost - $425
- Exam duration - 4 hours
- Type of Questions: 200 multiple-choice questions.
The updated course outline includes
Knowledge tested include -
DOMAIN 1: FIDUCIARY PRINCIPLES AND APPLICATIONS (9%)
Task 1: Understand and articulate fiduciary principles
a. What it means to be a fiduciary
b. Different fiduciary standards – ’40 act, reg bi, Uniform Trust Code
c. Fiduciary standard vs. Suitability standard (moved from ethics section)
d. The prudent investor rule
e. OCC Reg 12 CFR 9
Task 2: Understand and articulate fiduciary responsibilities
c. Uniform Acts/Codes
d. Safekeeping of Assets
e. Environmental Issues
f. Accountability – Who assumes/is ascribed fiduciary responsibility
Task 3: Identify and interpret duties related to legal structure.
a. Different legal entity types commonly used to hold assets – Trust, LLC, LLP, IRA, TIC,
JTWROS, SOLE PROPRIETORSHIP
b. How different legal entity structures align to meet client’s objectives
c. How to identify structural challenges/conflicts
d. Asset location (taxable, tax deferred) and how it informs asset allocation
DOMAIN 2: INTEGRATED PLANNING AND ADVICE (FINANCIAL AND TAX) (28%)
Task 1: Develop a financial plan and/or investment selection.
b. Time horizon
c. Risk tolerance
d. Income sources
e. Review of a client’s tax return
f. Net worth
g. Educational planning
h. Cash flow analysis
j. Insurance types and usage
k. Debt management
Task 2: Identify and interpret types of ownership interests.
a. Powers of appointment
b. Types of joint ownership
o Joint tenancy with right of survivorship (JTWROS)
o Tenancy in common (TIC)
o Tenancy by entirety (TBE)
c. Controlling document
o Beneficiary designations
o Transfer on death (TOD)/payable on death (POD)
d. Community property versus separate property
Task 3: Educate clients in regard to estate planning.
a. Current client goals
b. Probate versus non-probate assets
c. Powers of appointment
f. Gifting techniques for trust and individuals to optimize transfer tax planning
g. Planning and administering for clients with special needs
h. Philanthropic intent and options to optimize transfer tax planning
i. Digital assets
j. Modeling an estate plan flow with terms and dollar calculations
k. Knowledge of estate and gift tax limits and unused exemptions
l. Business succession planning
m. Educational planning
Task 4: Consult and implement retirement strategies.
a. Types of IRA accounts
b. Qualified versus non-qualified plans
c. Social Security
e. Employee stock ownership plans (ESOPs)
f. Net unrealized appreciation (NUA)
Task 5: Educate clients regarding the use of insurance to mitigate risk.
a. Life insurance
b. Health insurance
c. Property and casualty insurance
d. Homeowner’s insurance
e. Disability insurance
f. Long-term care insurance
g. Umbrella insurance
h. Malpractice insurance
Task 6: Analyze and interpret income tax reporting.
a. Individual income tax
b. Fiduciary tax
c. Foundations, charitable trusts and split interest trusts tax
d. Business tax (LLC, LLP, FLP, S Corp, C Corp)
e. Foreign tax reporting requirements
Task 7: Identify, communicate, and apply generation-skipping transfer tax (GSTT).
a. Skip persons/trusts
c. Taxable distributions
d. Taxable termination
e. Planning strategy
Task 8: Understand and explain fiduciary income tax.
a. Simple versus complex
b. Grantor trusts
c. Fiscal and calendar year end filings
d. Distributable net income (DNI)
e. 65-day rule
f. 645 election
g. Right of withdrawal power
h. Treatment of capital gains
i. Foreign tax withholding
Task 9: Understand and apply knowledge of federal estate and gift tax.
a. Determine taxable estate assets
b. Estate tax
c. Marital and charitable deductions
e. Payment of taxes
f. Gift tax exclusion
g. Potential difference between federal and state transfer taxes
Task 10: Coordinate distributions from retirement vehicles.
a. Required minimum distributions
b. Ability to withdraw
c. Penalties for early withdrawals
e. Qualified charitable distribution (QCD)
DOMAIN 3: ASSET MANAGEMENT – INTERACTION OF ALL ASSET TYPES (19%)
Task 1: Profile and understand a client’s risk appetite.
a. Inquiry/profiling techniques to learn about the client, their financial resources and all relevant assets
b. Risk dimensions (market risk, liquidity risk, concentration risk, credit risk, reinvestment risk,
inflation risk, time horizon risk) and client’s appetite for risks
Task 2: Recommend an appropriate investment strategy based on goals and objectives.
a. Asset allocation and asset location (taxable, tax-deferred structures)
b. Prudent investor rule
c. Concentration of assets
d. Time horizon
e. Client needs
f. Trust provisions
g. Risk tolerance
h. Current and remainder beneficiary needs
i. Tax considerations
Task 3: Measure, compare, and communicate investment performance for clients.
a. Time-weighted versus dollar-weighted
b. Risk adjusted
c. Benchmarks and indices
Task 4: Identify economic and market outlook concepts.
a. Monetary policy
b. Government fiscal policy
d. Interest rates
e. Gross domestic product
f. International currency/assets/markets
g. Economic cycles
Task 5: Implement multi-asset class investment strategy.
b. Fixed income
c. Convertible securities
d. Mutual funds
e. Closely held businesses
f. Real estate and farms
g. International assets
h. Master limited partnerships
i. Stock options
k. Oil, gas, and minerals
n. Precious metals
o. Prohibited Industries
p. Alternative investments
q. Environmental, social and governance (ESG)
Task 6: Create and manage portfolios.
a. Modern portfolio theory
b. Equity investment management approaches
c. Fixed income investment management approaches
d. Hedging strategies
e. Tax efficient management
DOMAIN 4: ADMINISTRATION OF TRUST ACCOUNTS (16%)
Task 1: Review nature and characteristics of legal entity structure and account capacity.
Task 2: Review and interpret trust provisions.
a. Trust interests (current, remainder, vested)
b. Understanding beneficiary financial situation
c. Right to statements and copy of trust agreement
d. Mandatory and discretionary distributions (full versus limited)
e. Ascertainable standards (HEMS)
f. Power to adjust
g. Uniform Trust Code (UTC)
h. Rights of withdrawal
i. Crummey powers
j. Unitrust and annuity calculations
k. Final distributions and settlement
Task 3: Classify transactions using principal and income accounting.
a. Fee calculation and allocation
b. Real estate income and expenses
c. Income (interest, royalty, rental), dividends, and capital gains
e. Additional expenses
f. Governing document versus statutory guidelines
g. Distribution criteria (from income, principal, P&I)
Task 4: Determine roles and fiduciary responsibilities.
a. Trustee’s duties and powers
b. Financial power of attorney
c. Grantor powers
d. Directed Trustee
e. Trust protector
f. Power to decant/reform
Task 5: Apply and administer common types of trusts.
a. Revocable trusts
b. Irrevocable trusts
c. Marital trusts (Examples for Internal Blueprint Only: QTIP/SLAT/Q-DOT)
d. Irrevocable life insurance trusts (Examples for Internal Blueprint Only: ILIT)
e. Split interest trusts (Examples for Internal Blueprint Only: GRIT/GRAT/GRUT)
f. Charitable interest trusts (Examples for Internal Blueprint Only: CRUT/CRAT/CLAT/CLUT)
g. Intentionally defective trusts (Examples for Internal Blueprint Only: IDGT/BDIT)
h. Qualified personal residence trusts (Example for Internal Blueprint Only: QPRT)
i. Pet trusts
j. Blind trust
k. Silent trusts
l. Dynasty trust
m. Special needs/supplemental needs trusts
n. Other legal entity structures holding assets (LLC, LLP, corporation, partnerships)
DOMAIN 5: RISK/COMPLIANCE MANAGEMENT (15%)
Task 1: Maintain compliance with Bank Secrecy Act (BSA)/Anti-Money Laundering (AML).
a. Source of funds
b. Identity of beneficial owners, beneficiaries, and other interested parties
c. Expected transactions as they relate to all interested parties
f. Suspicious Activity Reports (SAR)
Task 2: Execute the pre-acceptance process to eliminate potential risk.
a. Your client (KYC)
d. Due diligence
e. Enhanced due diligence situations
f. Foreign clients and beneficiaries
g. Unique assets
h. Concentrated assets
i. Environmental site assessment and compliance with Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA)
Task 3: Review and remediate overdrafts.
a. Principal and income accounting
b. Uniform Principal and Income Act (UPIA)
c. Unauthorized loans (e.g., Regulation O)
Task 4: Perform administrative reviews pursuant to internal policies or external regulations.
a. Regulation 9
b. Internal policies
c. Asset allocation in alignment with investment policy statement
Task 5: Apply the formal requisites of establishing a fiduciary account.
a. Written agreements
b. Trust Situs
c. Governing law
DOMAIN 6: ETHICS (6%)
Task 1: Comprehend and articulate fiduciary responsibilities.
a. Duty of loyalty
b. Duty to inform
c. Duty of impartiality
d. Duty to account
e. Breach of trust and personal liability
h. Undue influence
i. Disclosure of compensation
Task 2: Recognize the signs of financial and elder abuse and how and when to report.
a. Definition of elderly and vulnerable adults
b. Change in client behavior
c. Client competence/ capacity
Task 3: Clarify the limits of capacity to advise.
a. Unauthorized practice of law
b. Limitation of tax advice
Task 4: Identify, disclose, and/or avoid potential conflicts of interest.
b. Gifts to and from clients and vendors
c. Business solicitation
d. Compensation arrangements
e. Related parties and affiliates
f. Proprietary investments
Task 5: Adhere to investment regulatory requirements.
a. Insider information
b. Equal treatment of accounts
c. Directed brokerage
e. Prudent investor standards
f. Control person
DOMAIN 7: RELATIONSHIP MANAGEMENT (7%)
Task 1: Summarize and document the client relationship.
a. Family dynamics and extended relationships of clients
b. Family tree
c. Related parties
d. Other trusted advisors and designations
e. Differing beneficial interests
f. Cash needs versus wants and balancing interests
g. Overall relationship net worth
h. Alternate solutions
Task 2: Manage client expectations.
a. Document limitation
b. Monte Carlo simulations – cash needs and projections
c. Communication preferences and frequency
d. Timing of deliverables
e. Tax reporting
f. Capacity and role
g. Behavioral finance
Task 3: Evaluate and develop new business.
a. Asset retention strategies
b. Developing relationships with internal/external partners or professionals
c. Strategies to encourage referrals
In order to maintain the CTFA designation, holders must complete 45 CE credits every three years, adhere to the ABA Professional Certifications' Code of Ethics and pay an annual renewal fee of $249. Individuals who hold two or more ABA certifications receive a renewal discount.
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