AWS Certified Solutions Architect Professional (SAP-C02) Practice Exam

AWS Certified Solutions Architect Professional (SAP-C02) 


About AWS Certified Solutions Architect Professional Certification

The AWS Certified Solutions Architect Professional (SAP-C02) Exam has been developed for candidates who are responsible to perform a solutions architect role. The AWS Solutions Architect Professional exam validates a candidate’s advanced technical skills and experience in designing optimized AWS solutions that are based on the AWS Well-Architected Framework.


Skills Evaluated

The AWS Solutions Architect Professional (SAP-C02)  exam evaluates a candidate’s ability to complete the following tasks within the scope of the AWS Well-Architected Framework -

  • Ability to design for organizational complexity
  • Ability to design for new solutions
  • Ability to Continuously improve existing solutions
  • Ability to accelerate workload migration and modernization


Recommended Knowledge 

  • Candidate should have the familiarity with AWS CLI, AWS APIs, AWS CloudFormation templates, the AWS Billing Console, the AWS Management Console, a scripting language, and Windows and Linux environments
  • Candidates should have the ability to provide best practice guidance on the architectural design across multiple applications and projects of the enterprise as well as an ability to map business objectives to application/architecture requirements
  • Candidates should have the ability to evaluate cloud application requirements and make architectural recommendations for implementation, deployment, and provisioning applications on AWS
  • Candidates should have the ability to design a hybrid architecture using key AWS technologies (e.g., VPN, AWS Direct Connect) as well as a continuous integration and deployment process


Exam Pattern

  • Exam Code: (SAP-C02)
  • Types of Questions: Multiple-choice and multiple-answer questions
  • Exam time: 180 minutes
  • Passing score: 750 (100–1000)
  • No. of Questions: 75 questions
  • Language: English, French (France), German, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese (Brazil), Simplified Chinese, and Spanish (Latin America).


AWS Certified Solutions Architect Professional  (SAP-C02) Course Outline 

The AWS Solutions Architect Professional (SAP-C02) exam covers the following topics as per the latest exam updates - 

Domain 1: Understanding to Design Solutions for Organizational Complexity

1.1 Explain  Architect network connectivity strategies.

  • AWS global infrastructure
  • AWS networking concepts (for example, Amazon VPC, AWS Direct Connect, AWS VPN, transitive routing, AWS container services)
  • Hybrid DNS concepts (for example, Amazon Route 53 Resolver, on-premises DNS integration)
  • Network segmentation (for example, subnetting, IP addressing, connectivity among VPCs)
  • Network traffic monitoring

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to evaluate connectivity options for multiple VPCs
  • Learn to evaluate connectivity options for on-premises, co-location, and cloud integration
  • Learn to select AWS Regions and Availability Zones based on network and latency requirements
  • Learn to troubleshoot traffic flows by using AWS tools
  • Learn to utilize service endpoints for service integrations

1.2 Explain security controls

  • AWS Identity and Access Management (IAM) and AWS Single Sign-On
  • Route tables, security groups, and network ACLs
  • Encryption keys and certificate management (for example, AWS Key Management Service [AWS KMS], AWS Certificate Manager [ACM])
  • AWS security, identity, and compliance tools (for example, AWS CloudTrail, AWS Identity and Access Management Access Analyzer, AWS Security Hub, Amazon Inspector)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to evaluate cross-account access management
  • Learn to integrate with third-party identity providers
  • Learn to deploy encryption strategies for data at rest and data in transit
  • Learn to develop a strategy for centralized security event notifications and auditing


1.3 Explain to design reliable and resilient architectures.

  • Recovery time objectives (RTOs) and recovery point objectives (RPOs)
  • Disaster recovery strategies (for example, using AWS Elastic Disaster Recovery [CloudEndure Disaster Recovery], pilot light, warm standby, and multi-site)
  • Data backup and restoration

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to design disaster recovery solutions based on RTO and RPO requirements
  • Learn to implement architectures to automatically recover from failure
  • Learn to develop the optimal architecture by considering scale-up and scale-out options
  • Learn to design an effective backup and restoration strategy 


1.4 Explain Design a multi-account AWS environment.

  • AWS Organizations and AWS Control Tower
  • Multi-account event notifications
  • AWS resource sharing across environments

Skills Evaluated 

  • Learn to evaluate the most appropriate account structure for organizational requirements
  • Learn to recommend a strategy for central logging and event notifications
  • Learn to develop a multi-account governance model

1.5 Explain to determine cost optimization and visibility strategies.

  • AWS cost and usage monitoring tools (for example, AWS Trusted Advisor, AWS Pricing Calculator, AWS Cost Explorer, AWS Budgets)
  • AWS purchasing options (for example, Reserved Instances, Savings Plans, Spot Instances)
  • AWS right-sizing visibility tools (for example, AWS Compute Optimizer, Amazon S3 Storage Lens)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to monitor cost and usage with AWS tools
  • Learn to develop an effective tagging strategy that maps costs to business units
  • Learn to understand how purchasing options affect cost and performance


Domain 2: Understand to Design for New Solutions

2.1 Explain to design a deployment strategy to meet business requirements

  • Infrastructure as code (IaC) (for example, AWS CloudFormation)
  • Continuous integration/continuous delivery (CI/CD)
  • Change management processes
  • Configuration management tools (for example, AWS Systems Manager)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to determine an application or upgrade path for new services and features
  • Learn to select services to develop deployment strategies and implement appropriate rollback mechanisms
  • Learn to adopt managed services as needed to reduce infrastructure provisioning and patching overhead
  • Learn to make advanced technologies accessible by delegating complex development and deployment tasks to AWS


2.2 Explain to Design a solution to ensure business continuity.

  • AWS global infrastructure
  • AWS networking concepts (for example, Route 53, routing methods)
  • RTOs and RPOs
  • Disaster recovery scenarios (for example, backup and restore, pilot light, warm standby, multi-site)
  • Disaster recovery solutions on AWS

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to configure disaster recovery solutions
  • Learn to configure data and database replication
  • Learn to perform disaster recovery testing
  • Learn to architect a backup solution that is automated, is cost-effective, and supports business continuity across multiple Availability Zones and/or AWS Regions
  • Learn to design an architecture that provides application and infrastructure availability in the event of a disruption
  • Learn to leverage processes and components for centralized monitoring to proactively recover from system failures

2.3 Explain to determine security controls based on requirements.

  • IAM
  • Route tables, security groups, and network ACLs
  • Encryption options for data at rest and data in transit
  • AWS service endpoints
  • Credential management services
  • AWS managed security services (for example, AWS Shield, AWS WAF, Amazon GuardDuty, AWS Security Hub)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to specify IAM users and IAM roles that adhere to the principle of least privilege access
  • Learn to specify inbound and outbound network flows by using security group rules and network ACL rules
  • Learn to develop attack mitigation strategies for large-scale web applications
  • Learn to develop encryption strategies for data at rest and data in transit
  • Lean to specify service endpoints for service integrations
  • Learn to develop strategies for patch management to remain compliant with organizational standards

2.4 Explain to design a strategy to meet reliability requirements.

  • AWS global infrastructure
  • AWS storage services and replication strategies (for example Amazon S3, Amazon RDS, Amazon ElastiCache) Multi-AZ and multi-Region architectures
  • Auto scaling policies and events
  • Application integration (for example, Amazon Simple Notification Service [Amazon SNS], Amazon Simple Queue Service [Amazon SQS], AWS Step Functions)
  • Service quotas and limits 

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to design highly available application environments based on business requirements
  • Learn to leverage advanced techniques to design for failure and ensure seamless system recoverability
  • Learn to implement loosely coupled dependencies
  • Learn to operate and maintaining high-availability architectures (for example, application failovers, database failovers)
  • Learn to leverage AWS managed services for high availability
  • Learn to implement DNS routing policies (for example, Route 53 latency-based routing, geolocation routing, simple routing)


2.5 Explain Design a solution to meet performance objectives.

  • Performance monitoring technologies
  • Storage options on AWS
  • Instance families and use cases
  • Purpose-built databases

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to design large-scale application architectures for a variety of access patterns
  • Learn to design an elastic architecture based on business objectives
  • Learn to apply design patterns to meet performance objectives with caching, buffering, and replicas
  • Learn to develop a process methodology for selecting purpose-built services for required tasks
  • Learn to design a right-sizing strategy

2.6 Explain and determine a cost optimization strategy to meet solution goals and objectives.

  • AWS cost and usage monitoring tools (for example, Cost Explorer, Trusted Advisor, AWS Pricing Calculator)
  • Pricing models (for example, Reserved Instances, Savings Plans)
  • Storage tiering
  • Data transfer costs
  • AWS managed service offerings

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to identify opportunities to select and right size infrastructure for cost-effective resources
  • Learn to identify appropriate pricing models
  • Learn to perform data transfer modeling and selecting services to reduce data transfer costs
  • Learn to develop a strategy and implementing controls for expenditure and usage awareness


Domain 3: Understand to Continuous Improvement for Existing Solutions

3.1 Explain determine a strategy to improve overall operational excellence

  • Alerting and automatic remediation strategies
  • Disaster recovery planning
  • Monitoring and logging solutions (for example, Amazon CloudWatch)
  • CI/CD pipelines and deployment strategies (for example, blue/green, all-at-once, rolling)
  • Configuration management tools (for example, Systems Manager)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to determine the most appropriate logging and monitoring strategy
  • Learn to evaluate current deployment processes for improvement opportunities
  • Learn to prioritize opportunities for automation within a solution stack
  • Learn to recommende the appropriate AWS solution to enable configuration management automation
  • Learn to engineer failure scenario activities to support and exercise an understanding of recovery actions

3.2 Explain to determine a strategy to improve security.

  • Data retention, data sensitivity, and data regulatory requirements
  • Automated monitoring and remediation strategies (for example, AWS Config rules)
  • Secrets management (for example, Systems Manager, AWS Secrets Manager)
  • Principle of least privilege access
  • Security-specific AWS solutions
  • Patching practices
  • Backup practices and methods

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to evaluate a strategy for the secure management of secrets and credentials
  • Learn to auditi an environment for least privilege access
  • Learn to review implemented solutions to ensure security at every layer
  • Learn to review comprehensive traceability of users and services
  • Learn to prioritize automated responses to the detection of vulnerabilities
  • Learn to design and implementing a patch and update process
  • Learn to design and implementing a backup process
  • Learn to employ remediation techniques

3.3 Explain determine a strategy to improve performance.

  • High-performing systems architectures (for example, auto scaling, instance fleets, and placement groups)
  • Global service offerings (for example, AWS Global Accelerator, Amazon CloudFront, and edge computing services)
  • Monitoring tool sets and services (for example, CloudWatch)
  • Service level agreements (SLAs) and key performance indicators (KPIs)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to translate business requirements to measurable metrics
  • Learn to test potential remediation solutions and making recommendations
  • Learn to propose opportunities for the adoption of new technologies and managed services
  • Learn to assess solutions and applying right sizing based on requirements
  • Learn to identify and examining performance bottlenecks

34 Explain determine a strategy to improve reliability

  • AWS global infrastructure
  • Data replication methods
  • Scaling methodologies (for example, load balancing, auto scaling)
  • High availability and resiliency
  • Disaster recovery methods and tools
  • Service quotas and limits

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to understand application growth and usage trends
  • Learn to evaluate existing architecture to determine areas that are not sufficiently reliable
  • Learn to remediate single points of failure
  • Learn to enable data replication, self-healing, and elastic features and services

3.5 Identify opportunities for cost optimizations.

  • Cost-conscious architecture choices (for example, utilizing Spot Instances, scaling policies, and right-sizing resources)
  • Price model adoptions (for example, Reserved Instances, Savings Plans)
  • Networking and data transfer costs
  • Cost management, alerting, and reporting

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to analyze usage reports to identify underutilized and overutilized resources
  • Learn to utilize AWS solutions to identify unused resources
  • Learn to design billing alarms based on expected usage patterns
  • Learn to investigate AWS Cost and Usage Reports at a granular level
  • Learn to utilize tagging for cost allocation and reporting


Domain 4: Explain to accelerate Workload Migration and Modernization

4.1 Explain to select existing workloads and processes for potential migration.

  • Migration assessment and tracking tools (for example, AWS Migration Hub)
  • Portfolio assessment
  • Asset planning
  • Prioritization and migration of workloads (for example, wave planning)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to complete an application migration assessment
  • Learn to evaluate applications according to the seven common migration strategies (7Rs)
  • Learn to evaluate total cost of ownership (TCO)

4.2 Explain to determine the optimal migration approach for existing workloads.

  • Data migration options and tools (for example, AWS DataSync, AWS Transfer Family, AWS Snow Family, S3 Transfer Acceleration)
  • Application migration tools (for example, AWS Application Discovery Service, AWS Application Migration Service [CloudEndure Migration], AWS Server Migration Service [AWS SMS])
  • AWS networking services and DNS (for example, Direct Connect, AWS Site-to-Site VPN, Route 53)
  • Identity services (for example, AWS SSO, AWS Directory Service)
  • Database migration tools (for example, AWS Database Migration Service [AWS DMS], AWS Schema Conversion Tool [AWS SCT])
  • Governance tools (for example, AWS Control Tower, Organizations)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to select the appropriate database transfer mechanism
  • Learn to select the appropriate application transfer mechanism
  • Learn to select the appropriate data transfer service and migration strategy
  • Learn to apply the appropriate security methods to migration tools
  • Learn to select the appropriate governance model

4.3 Explain to determine a new architecture for existing workloads.

  • Compute services (for example, Amazon EC2, AWS Elastic Beanstalk)
  •  Containers (for example, Amazon Elastic Container Service [Amazon ECS], Amazon Elastic Kubernetes Service [Amazon EKS], AWS Fargate, Amazon Elastic Container Registry [Amazon ECR])
  • AWS storage services (for example, Amazon Elastic Block Store [Amazon EBS], Amazon Elastic File System [Amazon EFS], Amazon FSx, Amazon S3, Volume Gateway)
  • Databases (for example, Amazon DynamoDB, Amazon OpenSearch Service [Amazon Elasticsearch Service], Amazon RDS, self-managed databases on Amazon EC2)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to select  the appropriate compute platform
  • Learn to select the appropriate container hosting platform
  • Learn to select the appropriate storage service
  • Learn to select the appropriate database platform


4.4 Explain to determine opportunities for modernization and enhancements.

  • Serverless compute offerings (for example, AWS Lambda)
  • Containers (for example, Amazon ECS, Amazon EKS, AWS Fargate)
  • AWS storage services (for example, Amazon S3, Amazon EFS)
  • Purpose-built databases (for example, DynamoDB, Amazon Aurora Serverless, ElastiCache)
  • Integration service (for example, Amazon SQS, Amazon SNS, Amazon EventBridge [Amazon CloudWatch Events], Step Functions)

Skills Evaluated

  • Learn to identify opportunities to decouple application components
  • Learn to identify opportunities for serverless solutions
  • Learn to select the appropriate service for containers
  • Learn to identify opportunities for purpose-built databases
  • Learn to select the appropriate application integration service


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