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Associate Professional in Human Resources™ Practice Exam

Associate Professional in Human Resources

About Associate Professional in Human Resources

HRCI Associate Professional in Human Resources (aPHR) certification helps candidates to fast-track their career growth and provides confidence to launch into the HR profession. The aPHR is the HR certification designed for professionals who are just beginning their HR career journey and proves your knowledge of foundational Human Resources.


Who should take the exam?

Candidates applying for the aPHR exam must have a high school diploma or global equivalent. No HR experience is required since this is a knowledge-based credential. 


Course structure

1. HR Operations (38%)

Understanding the tactical and operational tasks related to workforce management and the HR function. It also includes complying with the laws, regulations, and policies that affect the organization.

Knowledge of:

Organizational strategy and its connection to mission, vision, values, business goals, and objectives

Organizational culture (for example: traditions, unwritten procedures)

Legal and regulatory environment

Confidentiality and privacy rules that apply to employee records, company data, and individual data

Business functions (for example: accounting, finance, operations, sales and marketing)

HR policies and procedures (for example: ADA, EEO, progressive discipline)

HR Metrics (for example: cost per hire, number of grievances)

Impact of technology on HR (for example: social media, monitoring software, biometrics)

Employee records management (for example: electronic/paper, retention, disposal)

Statutory reporting requirements (for example: OSHA, ERISA, ACA)

Purpose and function of Human Resources Information Systems (HRIS)

Job classifications (for example: exempt, non-exempt, contractor)

Job analysis methods and job descriptions

2. Recruitment and Selection (15%)

In this you will understand the hiring process including regulatory requirements, sourcing of applicants, formal interview and selection process, and onboarding of a new hire.

Knowledge of:

Applicable laws and regulations related to recruitment and selection, such as non-discrimination, accommodation, and work authorization (for example: Title VII, ADA, EEOC Uniform Guidelines on Employee Selection Procedures, Immigration Reform and Control Act)

Applicant databases

Recruitment sources (for example: employee referral, social networking/social media)

Recruitment methods (for example: advertising, job fairs)

Alternative staffing practices (for example: recruitment process outsourcing, job sharing, phased retirement)

Interviewing techniques (for example: behavioral, situational, panel)

Post-offer activities (for example: drug-testing, background checks, medical exams)

Orientation and onboarding

3. Compensation and Benefits (14%)

Understanding concepts related to total rewards such as pay and benefit programs. Responding to employee questions and handling claims in compliance with applicable laws, regulations, and company policies.

Knowledge of:

Applicable laws and regulations related to compensation and benefits, such as monetary and nonmonetary entitlement, wage and hour, and privacy (for example: ERISA, COBRA, FLSA, USERRA, HIPAA, PPACA, tax treatment)

Pay structures and programs (for example: variable, merit, bonus, incentives, non-cash compensation, pay scales/grades)

Total rewards statements

Benefit programs (for example: health care plans, flexible benefits, retirement plans, wellness programs)

Payroll processes (for example: pay schedule, leave and time-off allowances)

Uses for salary and benefits surveys

Claims processing requirements (for example: workers’ compensation, disability benefits)

Work-life balance practices (for example: flexibility of hours, telecommuting, sabbatical)

4. Human Resource Development and Retention (12%)

This will help you understanding the techniques and methods for delivering training programs and developing individual employees.

Knowledge of:

Applicable laws and regulations related to training and development activities (for example: Title VII, ADA, Title 17 [Copyright law])

Training delivery format (for example: virtual, classroom, on-the-job)

Techniques to evaluate training programs (for example: participant surveys, pre- and post-testing, after action review)

Career development practices (for example: succession planning, dual career ladders)

Performance appraisal methods (for example: ranking, rating scales)

Performance management practices (for example: setting goals, benchmarking, feedback)

5. Employee Relations (16%)

In this you will understand the methods organizations use to monitor and address morale, performance, and retention. It also includes balancing the operational need of the organization with comfort of the individual employee.

Knowledge of:

Applicable laws affecting employment in union and nonunion environments, such as laws regarding antidiscrimination policies, sexual harassment, labor relations, and privacy (for example: WARN Act, Title VII, NLRA)

Employee and employer rights and responsibilities (for example: employment-at-will, privacy, defamation, substance abuse)

Methods and processes for collecting employee feedback (for example: employee attitude surveys, focus groups, exit interviews)

Workplace behavior issues (for example: absenteeism, aggressive behavior, employee conflict, workplace harassment)

Methods for investigating complaints or grievances

Progressive discipline (for example: warnings, escalating corrective actions, termination)

Off-boarding or termination activities

Employee relations programs (for example: recognition, special events, diversity programs)

Workforce reduction and restructuring terminology (for example: downsizing, mergers, out-placement practices)

6. Health, Safety, and Security (5%)

In this you will understand about the law, regulation, and policy that promote a safe work environment. Use risk mitigation procedures to protect against workplace hazards.

Knowledge of:

Applicable laws and regulations related to workplace health, safety, security, and privacy (for example: OSHA, Drug-Free Workplace Act, ADA, HIPAA, Sarbanes-Oxley Act)

Risk mitigation in the workplace (for example: emergency evacuation procedures, health and safety, risk management, violence, emergencies)

Security risks in the workplace (for example: data, materials, or equipment theft, equipment damage or destruction, cyber crimes, password usage)


Exam Pattern 

  • Exam Name: Associate Professional in Human Resources
  • Exam Code: aPHR
  • Number of Questions: 100 Scored questions + 25 pre-test questions
  • Time Duration: 2 hour 15 minutes
  • Validity: 3 years
  • Exam Cost: $300 USD + $100 USD Application fee


What do we offer?

  • Full-Length Mock Test with unique questions in each test set
  • Practice objective questions with section-wise scores
  • An in-depth and exhaustive explanation for every question
  • Reliable exam reports evaluating strengths and weaknesses
  • Latest Questions with an updated version
  • Tips & Tricks to crack the test
  • Unlimited access


What are our Practice Exams?

  • Practice exams have been designed by professionals and domain experts that simulate real time exam scenario.
  • Practice exam questions have been created on the basis of content outlined in the official documentation.
  • Each set in the practice exam contains unique questions built with the intent to provide real-time experience to the candidates as well as gain more confidence during exam preparation.
  • Practice exams help to self-evaluate against the exam content and work towards building strength to clear the exam.
  • You can also create your own practice exam based on your choice and preference 


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