ACT Science Reasoning Practice Exam
ACT Science Reasoning Test
About ACT Science Test
ACT science test measures the candidate’s interpretation, analysis, evaluation, reasoning, and problem-solving skills required in the natural sciences. The exam scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats: data representation (graphs, tables, and other schematic forms), research summaries (descriptions of several related experiments), or conflicting viewpoints (expressions of several related hypotheses or views that are inconsistent with one another).
The questions in the exam require candidates to recognize and understand:
- The basic features of, and concepts related to, the provided information
- To examine critically the relationship between the information provided and the conclusions drawn or hypotheses developed
- To generalize from given information to gain new information, draw conclusions, or make predictions.
Knowledge required for the exam
For this exam section there is no requirement of advanced knowledge but knowledge acquired in general, introductory science courses is needed to answer some of the questions. The science test stresses science skills and practices over recall of scientific content, complex mathematics skills, and reading ability.
Who should take the exam?
This exam is for candidates of all grade levels are that includes students in grades 6, 7, 8, and 9 and high school graduates.
Passage Formats on the Science Test
The scientific information is conveyed in one of three different formats.
Data Representation (30–40%)
- This format presents graphic and tabular material similar to that found in science journals and texts. The questions associated with this format measures skills such as graph reading, interpretation of scatterplots, and interpretation of information presented in tables.
Research Summaries (45–55%)
- This format provides descriptions of one or more related experiments. The questions focus upon the design of experiments and the interpretation of experimental results.
Conflicting Viewpoints (15–20%)
- This format presents expressions of several hypotheses or views that, being based on differing premises or on incomplete data, are inconsistent with one another. The questions focus upon the understanding, analysis, and comparison of alternative viewpoints or hypotheses.
1. Interpretation of Data (45–55%)
• Manipulate and analyze scientific data presented in tables, graphs, and diagrams (e.g., recognize trends in data, translate tabular data into graphs, interpolate and extrapolate, and reason mathematically).
2. Scientific Investigation (20–30%)
• Understand experimental tools, procedures, and design (e.g., identify variables and controls) and compare, extend, and modify experiments (e.g., predict the results of additional trials).
3. Evaluation of Models, Inferences, and Experimental Results (25–35%)
• Judge the validity of scientific information and formulate conclusions and predictions based on that information (e.g., determine which explanation for a scientific phenomenon is supported by new findings).
- Exam Name: Science test
- Number of Questions: 40
- Time Duration: 35 minutes
- Question Format: Multiple Choices
- Language: English
- Exam Cost: ACT test Without Writing: $52 USD
ACT test with Writing: $68 USD
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