System Principles are the basis of the COBIT 2019 based governance system. As discussed earlier, a principle is a value which guides behavior or evaluation.
COBIT has two sets of principles – system and framework. The system principles enlists the core requirements of a governance system for I&T.
There are 6 governance system principles in COBIT 2019. Governance principles ensures assessment of the stakeholder needs as per organizational objectives. It also sets direction through prioritization and decision-making. This helps in performance monitoring and compliance against the set direction and objectives.
The COBIT 2019 framework enlists 6 principles for a governance system:
- The needs of stakeholder are addressed by the governance system. The governance system should also to generate value from the use of I&T. To create value, the enterprise must balance benefits, risk, and resources, and develop an actionable strategy and governance system.
- Several components build a governance system. They can be of different types. Components should work together as per organizational requirement.
- A governance system should be dynamic. Design factors (strategy or technology) changes, are assessed and the governance system is changed to reflect them.
- Activities and structures for governance and management are different.
- Organizational requirements enlist the customization in the governance system. Design factor customization, customizes the governance system. Design factors also influence priorities in the governance system.
- The organizational functions affected by technology and used to achieve the governance and management objectives, should be part of the governance system.