AWS VS AZURE VS GOOGLE CLOUD.
The high demand for public cloud services has only increased the competition for cloud services providers. The cloud computing of various companies largely relies upon the three giants of the field that is, Amazon Web Services, Microsoft Azure and Google Cloud Platform. The platforms contain a great variety of services and products in terms of database, storage over internet and applications. The dominant categories include Software as a Service (SaaS),
Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS), and
Platform as a Service (PaaS).
The most common services being provided include Compute, Storage, Database, Networking, and Content Delivery, Management tools, Development Tools and Security.
Each of these cloud services providers varies in their own ways. A competitive study of their differences and strengths and weaknesses can elaborate your comprehension of cloud computing and the market as a whole.
Cloud Services Provider
Amazon Web Services (AWS)
Amazon Web Services has been the dominant cloud services provider since 2006. It is the largest infrastructure as a service (IaaS) platform with its mature and developed program. Over a decade of having targeted cloud only networks, storage and compute power AWS is the most reliable amongst Azure and Google Cloud Platform. Data encryption, a robust firewall system, and access control are some of the major security features that have been incorporated by AWS making it adaptive and secure for businesses be it small or large scale.
AWS has an advanced cloud solution and doesn’t necessarily support all on-premise deployments. Hybrid support has been undertaken however AWS largely supports cloud networks.
Unlike AWS Microsoft is a hybrid cloud platform. It supports on-premise hardware with as much significance as it does in transferring data on the cloud.
It largely inclines to DevOps, app development and Internet of things (IoT). Azure supports a lot of programming languages, codes and automation features for developers. It offers Platform as a service (PaaS) along with Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS). Azure easily stems from Microsoft products and is compatible with Windows systems. Azure lacks autonomic management in the sense that it requires manual operation by someone.
Google Cloud Platform
Google Cloud Platform supports open source development largely and provides security analytics and storage. The platform is smaller in the field in comparison with AWS or Azure. However, it is ideal for small scale businesses. Kubernetes, one of the open source developments of GCP is most acknowledged for deploying containers. GCP further incorporates advanced machine learning solutions in its services. However, the CSP lacks an in house backup service which makes the security of client’s files rather vulnerable.
AWS vs Azure vs Google Cloud: Compute
Elastic Compute Cloud (EC2) is and AWS compute service that allows pre-configured or custom AMI’s for the user to configure virtual machines. There are different zones and regions available for launch. The user determines the specific of VMs such as the memory capacity, power, number, and size.
There is the availability of load balancing (ELB) allows the capacity to distribute load covering instances and thereby allowing effective performance. Likewise, Auto Scaling allows the scaling up or down of the service capacity according to user preference.
Google Compute Engine (GCE), much like AWS, tends to regions and availability groups for launching the virtual machine. The service has additional enhancements exclusive to itself that include instance with more cores, operating system support, load balancing, live migration VMs and persistent disks that are faster. The service only became available by 2013.
A lot like Amazon’s AMI, Azure, Microsoft cloud service, uses its exclusive equivalent i, e a VHD. The Virtual Hard Disk can be flexible in the sense that it can either be predefined or be user-defined. VHD can also be defined by an external third party.
The number of cores an amount of memory is prerequisite information to be specified for the VMs in Azure.
AWS vs Azure vs Google: Storage and databases
The Storage in AWS depends on the instance. It is rather temporary since the storage depends on the start and end of an instance and the storage is accordingly started and destroyed. The S3 service allows the possibility of object storage. Block storage may be attached to an instance or be kept otherwise. Glacier makes the archiving service available. Big Data, NoSQL or database is also supported by AWS. AWS storage is scalable and can support a great number of users.
Google Cloud Platform has Google Storage for object storage. There is also like AWS temporary storage and block storage in the form of disks. Big Query, Hadoop, and Big table are inherently supported by GPC since these technologies are Google cloud development. Google’s Nearline and Coldline avail the possibility to archive much like Glacier however it lacks the latency on recovery.
Google Cloud SQL supports relational Database storage.
Azure storage service incorporates blob storage and temporary storage D drive for VM based volumes. It also has file storage, Data Lake store, Queue Storage exclusive to large volumes and Disk Storage.
For Database Storage Azure extends to SQL database, database for PostgreSQL, database for MySQL, Microsoft unlike GCP has backup service, Site Recovery, and Archive Storage.
AWS vs Azure vs Google Cloud : Networking
AWS vs Azure vs Google: Management Tools
Cloud resources are required to be managed across multiple business units with enhanced infrastructures and this, in turn, makes it crucial for all the three Cloud Services Providers to consider the platforms and services that would be functional for this purpose.
All three CSPs offer deployment, visibility, monitoring, configuration, and provisioning of the cloud resources into the organization. The offerings may be availed from the options of predefined templates or centralized access control. In a competitive overview, AWS and Azure extend to a greater degree in this area in contrast to Google Cloud Platform. In fact, AWS also offers outsourced managed services.
AWS vs Azure vs Google Cloud: Pricing
Amazon’s Pricing structure is rather complex, making it considerably incomprehensible. The pricing structure has often depended on the competition and has decreased accordingly. There are further free tiers of services that can be availed by enterprises before they make purchases. AWS offers these services as tryouts. There are also serves that can be purchased by the second by development teams. The AWS price structure can be indeterminate however it costs less than the infrastructure investments. The pricing is dependent on the amount of use.
For Azure, the pricing is dependent upon the development team’s required product type. There are great varieties of pricing that can be availed. Costs measured per instance may seem rather inconsistent however the hourly server costs are fairly constant depending upon the product. The prices per GB of RAM are comparable to AWS. Largely the prices are competitive.
Google Cloud Platform in comparison to AWS or Azure is cost efficient despite its limited features. Pricing options include billing per second and pay as you go policy. There are discounts, rather long term, that can be availed after a month of use while the other CSPs may take a year or more to offer such discounts. GCP becomes effectively valuable for startups and individuals due to its low costs for development projects. The low prices of GCP make other CSPs reduce their prices as well.
Pros and Cons
Amazon due to its presence in the field for over a decade becomes the dominant Cloud Service Provider of all. It has a huge array of services that makes it a mature enterprise. The network covers a large number of infrastructures, users and resources making it widespread and comprehensive.
The weaknesses of AWS lies in its costs. The pricing structure of AWS is rather instructable that makes it difficult for enterprises to determine
Azure’s strengths and success lies in the various software that it supports from Dynamics Archive Directory, Window server office, SQL Server, SharePoint, Net, etc. Azure is compatible with enterprises that rely heavily on other Microsoft software which makes it a popular choice. Further, Azure solutions, deployments, operations, and scalability are fast.
One of the criticisms that Azure has faced has to do with its inadequacy in being its enterprise-ready platform as it is understood to be. Clients have had issues with technical support, training, documentation, etc.
Google Cloud Platform is extremely affordable. The simple and low pricing structure makes it valuable. Also, the security level and management of security solutions are best attained through GCP. From data encryption, third-party validators to multiple authentications, GCP addresses enterprise-level security for developers.
The drawback with GCP has been its limited services and features in contrast with AWS and Azure that makes it rather distant from the other two cloud giants. It has been observed that due to this issue GCP has been a secondary choice to clients.
Key Cloud Tools
- AWS is AI and ML oriented and provides Deeplens, an AI-oriented service that incorporates a camera that develops and deploys Machine Learning Algorithms. It is used with object recognition, image recognition and optical character recognition. AWS further aims to ease the development and training of neural networks without the prerequisite of AI programming. This is expected through its designed open source deep learning library, Gluon.
- AWS has various services of which Sagemaker service for training, Greengrass IoT Messaging service, machine learning models and Lambda serverless computing service are best known.
- Azure inherently supports on premise Microsoft software. Also the backup service of Azure links Microsoft backup.
- Azure offers bot service and machine learning service. The cognitive services being offered by AWS has Computer vision API, Custom Vision Service, Bing web search API, Face API and Text analytics API. Functions is the serverless computing service that it offers and it incorporates a number of management and analytics services for Internet of Things.
Google Cloud Platform
- Google Cloud Platform has undertaken advanced Machine Learning. It developed TensorFlow for developing machine learning applications. This is an open source software library that has recently gained support from AWS as well.
- The IoT service and serverless services of GCP remain in the beta previews.
- The APIs includes those in natural translation, language and speech.
How to decide which one to pick as your cloud
The ideal choice of Cloud Services Providers would depend on the enterprise level requirement rather than an individual requirement. One could also choose to combine the servers from more than one CSPs factoring in the costs and features being offered. For instance, if a particular company needs interpolation of data centers and incline for the hybrid cloud then it may go for Azure. Likewise, if the requirement is a large catalog of services then one may consider AWS. Startups may prefer GCP for its affordability.